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The 8 Most Popular Programming Languages of 2016


There a lot of programming technologies and educational content nowadays. It’s not easy to decide which language will be the best for you. It’s hard to define when you just start learning. Of course, there are no best languages. If you want to get a good knowledge of programming languages, you should make some efforts to become a skilled programmer. So, let’s review the modern programming languages and compare them with heroes of Star Wars universe.

Java

Luke Skywalker from Star Wars Episode 6: Return of Jedi

Rang: Jedi Knight.

Difficulty: the highest level.

Where is Java being used: desktop software, web services (client and server sides), mobile applications, Big Data, scientific and trading tools.

What is being done with Java: Minecraft, Eclipse, Google Gmail, Blu-Ray BD-J, Oracle enterprise software and Android mobile operating system.

Java provides a powerful toolset for creating of programs and web services. But it requires a lot of hours of practicing and learning. You should understand object-oriented programming and have the fundamental knowledge of computer science if you want to use properly all aspects and standards of Java. As the first programming language, it’s really tough enough. The language allows you to make code review without serious troubles. “Write once, run anywhere”, – that’s the main slogan of Java programmers.

Python

Darth Vader from Star Wars Episode 5: The Empire Strikes back

Rang: Sith apprentice.

Difficulty: beginner / medium level.

Where is Python being used: web services, games, and software.

What is being done with Python: Google, EVE Online, Reddit, Dropbox, Instagram (the backend logic).

Easy to learn, hard to master. This is the ideology of Python. As Sith apprentices, Python programmers successfully comprehend knowledge and start using it earlier than C and Java adepts. Plus, Jango framework gives a lot of power to make simple websites and services. It’s the universal programming language that has a huge popularity in Google and YouTube companies.

C++

Master Yoda from Star Wars Episode 3: Revenge of the Sith

Rang: Jedi Master.

Difficulty: the highest level.

Where is C++ being used: games, software, service apps.

What is being done with C++: a lot of modern games (World of Warcraft, StarCraft 2), game engines (Source, Unreal, Tech 4/5) and programs (Microsoft Office, Google Chrome, Winamp).

C++ is using in enterprise projects and the game industry. It’s easier to optimize than Java. The language provides a lot of opportunities to manipulate with video libraries and DirectX. You must be very patient because C++ requires a lot of efforts in practicing and learning. It’s not even easy to write a simple game or an application. And that’s similar to the situation when you should learn how to make and drive a car. “A great leap often requires taking two steps back”, as said master Kenobi.

JavaScript

TIE fighter pilot from Star Wars Episode 4: A New Hope

Rang: TIE fighter pilot.

Difficulty: medium / high level.

Where is JavaScript being used: websites (frontend and backend), web services, browser games and mobile applications.

What is being done with JavaScript: Pinterest, Trello, BrowserQuest.

JavaScript can run as frontend as backend via Node.js. It’s a powerful language that can be used for web applications. However, you should know other web technologies as HTML, CSS and AJAX if you want to be a professional JS-programmer. Multifunctionality is the main feature of the language.

PHP

Bobba Fett from Star Wars Episode 6: Return of Jedi

Rang: Bounty Hunter.

Difficulty: beginner/medium.

Where is PHP being used: websites (backend), web services and browser games.

What is being done with PHP: Facebook, Wordpress, Yahoo!, Wikipedia.

PHP is one of the simplest programming languages in the world. It’s fast and universal. But as JavaScript, PHP relies on a stack of web techs (HTML, CSS). Plus, you should have basic knowledge of JS, if you want to combine visual part of your site with backend mechanism. Powerful frameworks (as Symphony, Yii, Zend and others) grant PHP a lot of tools which can be used in large web projects.

C# / C Sharp

Jar Jar Binks from Star Wars Episode 2: Attack of the Clones

Rang: The senator.

Difficulty: high level.

Where is C# being used: Windows-based programs and websites.

What is being done with C#: Unity engine, Windows Phone operating system, Paint.NET.

C Sharp is fully object-oriented programming language which is aimed at Windows systems. It allows developers to create secure and robust applications for Windows platform. Plus, here you can find a lot of similar elements and methods which were used in other languages (C/C++, Delphi, Haskell). And .NET framework includes a huge library and provides an opportunity to make web services. If you like Microsoft products, this language will be the best choice.

Ruby

X-Wing pilot from Star Wars Episode 5: The Empire Strikes Back

Rang: Rebel pilot.

Difficulty: medium/high level.

Where is Ruby being used: web services.

What is being done with Ruby: Twitter, Crunchbase, Groupon, Bloomberg, Slideshare, Indiegogo, Github.

Ruby is a dynamic and object-oriented scripting language. It has elegant syntax and big community. The language syntax is similar to Java, Perl, and Python. A lot of famous startups are using the popular Ruby framework – Ruby on Rails (RoR). And many programmers can’t imagine how to use Ruby without RoR. The important fact: RoR was the most valuable programming skill for USA market in 2014.

Objective-C

Darth Sidious from Star Wars Episode 3: Revenge of the Sith

Rang: Sith Lord.

Difficulty: the highest level.

Where is Objective C being used: Mac OS desktop software, mobile applications, games and web.

What is being done with Objective-C: iOS operating system.

If you want to make iPhone, Mac and iPad apps, then Objective-C is what you need to learn at first. This is the message-oriented programming language, which is using for Apple devices. It was based on Smalltalk paradigm. At first glance, it seems to be an easy language. However, all attempts can be crushed at long distance. And it can be compared to C++ and Java.

The power of one

The last scene of Star Wars Episode 6: Return of Jedi

Of course, if you want to become a professional, you should learn more about algorithms and methods of various languages, not only the chosen one. The most skilled programmers say that there are no serious problems of language choice. However, it’s nice when you use programming skills, which you have learned recently, and get money for it.

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17.12.2015 / 2305

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